Professor of Anatomy/Consultant Reproductive Endocrinologist
firstname.lastname@example.org 0700 MARTCENTER
Gallstones are crystal-like masses formed within the gallbladder by the accumulation of bile components. Sizes range from a grain of sand to 3-4cm. The gallbladder is a small organ located on the right side of the liver, attached to the common bile duct. Its primary function is to store bile (produced by the liver) and secretes it into the small intestine for the digestion of fat.
Gallstone is as a result of precipitation of cholesterol and bile salts from the bile. There are three types of gallstones: Cholesterol stones (yellow-green and made primarily of hardened cholesterol); Pigment stones (dark stones develop in people with pre-existing conditions like sickle cell, cirrhosis, biliary tract infection); and Mixed stones — the most common type.
The medical understanding of how gallstone develops has increased. It is believed that gallstones may be caused by a combination of factors including heredity, obesity, and the ability of the gallbladder to contract.
Risk factors that may lead to the formulation of gallstones include:
Gender: Women between 20-60yrs of age are twice likely to develop stones than men.
Increasing age over 60yrs
Estrogen found in birth control pills, pregnant women and in hormone replacement therapy.
Fasting: This inhibits the gall bladders ability to contract to cause the high concentration of cholesterol builds up in the bile.
adults consuming a diet high in fat and sugar along with inactive lifestyle.
Rapid weight loss and constipation are why any attempt to lose weight should be with proper medical supervision that ensures regular daily bowel movement.
The inadequacy of vitamins and minerals such as folic acid, magnesium, calcium and Vitamin C.
E.coli infection: E.coli is a bacterium found in the colon and stool. Research shows that many patients with pigments stones have a large concentration of bacteria in their bile.
Roundworm infection: over 70 percent of patient with pigment gallstones have part of roundworm or their egg within the stones. The use of medications to remove worms at least once or twice a year will guard against this.
Liver cirrhosis: It is usually due to heavy alcohol consumption or infection. Heavy metal deposits in the body and food toxins may also be a predisposing factor to liver cirrhosis
Sickle cell anemia: Gallstones are common in sickle cell anemia, according to national digestive diseases information clearinghouse. Sickle cell disease is a genetic disease that causes deformation of red blood cells. These deformed cells are broken down and release a significant amount of bilirubin which accumulates in the gallbladder forming pigment stones.
The prevalence of gallstones reported in sickle cells disease (HbSS) has varied widely, from 34-70% in West Africa, 29% in Jamaica, to 4-25% in Africa. This variability depends on age and sensitivity of the diagnostic method.
Gallstones may be asymptomatic, even for years. These stones are called “silent stones” and do not require treatment. Symptoms begin to appear once the stone is greater than 8mm.
Symptoms of gallstones are similar to those of acute abdominal crisis in sickle cell anemia, heart attack, appendicitis, ulcers, pancreatitis, and hepatitis so accurate diagnosis is important.
Symptoms occur as a result of a weak liver and congested gallbladder and may vary; it often follows a fatty meal and is worse at night. These include:
- Abdominal bloating
- Recurring intolerance to fatty food
- Recurrent pain in the upper abdomen that increases rapidly and lasts from 30mins to several hours.
- Pain in the back around the shoulder blade.
- Pain under the right shoulder.
- Nausea or vomiting
- Indigestion and belching
- Increase allergies
- Depressed immune system
- Increase desire for sugar.
Ultrasound is the most sensitive and specific test for gallstones. Other diagnostic tests include;
*Computed tomography, which may show gallstones and its complications.
*Blood tests help to identify signs of infection, obstruction, jaundice, and pancreatitis.
*Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatomy (a particular surgical maneuver to inspect the gallbladder through the pancreas).
Complications that can occur following biliary obstruction and inflammation of the gallbladder include; cirrhosis of the liver, and scarring of the liver.
Before now the treatment of symptomatic gallstones is surgery. We recorded success stories with the new trend of the use of Modern Mayr medicine at Mart life detox clinic, in the management of gallstones. For example, Mart life detox clinic using the principles of Mayr therapy treated a 34-year-old SicklerHbSS (TG) with gallstones which were scheduled for surgery but declined. He rushed into Mart life detox clinic in severe crisis. On examination, he was found to be in critical distress, could barely sit up without experiencing terrible pain, he lost weight, febrile, icteric(yellowness of the eyes) and dehydrated with abnormal vital signs.
Abdominal ultrasound scan demonstrated a thickened wall with echogenic fluid and a thin calculus measuring about 4.2mm. Blood test showed abnormal liver function test.
He was admitted and further investigated with a Bioenergetic test, which confirmed a weakened gallbladder. Food and environmental sensitivity tests were also carried out, and he placed on a customized Mayr diet, orthomolecular supplement and Mayr detox therapies which is the primary focus of treatment at Mart life detox clinic. On the third day, the abdominal crises stopped, vital signs became stable, jaundice became clear at about the fifth day, and he passed some darkish substances during his bowel movement on the sixth day believed to be crushed gallstones. A repeat scan also done on the 7th day showed a thickened bladder wall with no evidence of gallstones, and he was discharged home on the 10th day.
The Mayr therapy for gallstone removal indicates that gallstones are dissolved and passed out of the bowel within a ten days therapy.
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